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Artemisia absinthium

(Common name:- Wormwood)

Classification

Artemisia absinthium

History

Wormwood is perennial plant native to temperate areas of Eurasia and northern Africa.

The species of Artemisia have long been used as insecticidal plant in many countries.

Wormwood is widely found as weed in USA, Siberia and parts of roadside.

Plant Description

Wormwood is herbaceous perennial plant having hard rhizome. The stem of wormwood plant is erect growing to 1.5 m tall.

The leaves are arranged spirally with upper part green and lower part white in colour.

Leaves are covered with silver white trichomes, growing upto 25 cm long and have bipinnate or trippinate petioles.

The flowers are pale yellow bearing in cluster in spherical bent down heads.

Cultivation

Woodworm is perennial plant which is grows sometimes on uncultivated lands, wastelands, rocky slopes and edges as weed.

It thrives in dry soil rich in nitrogen and prefers full exposure; propagated through seeds.

Parts Used

Dried leaves.

Constituents

Wormwood yields volatile oil which contains thujone (absinthol or tenacetone), thujyl alcohol, cadinene, phellandrene and pinene.

Other active components are bitter glucoside absinthin, absinthic acid, tannin, resin, starch, nitrate of potash and salts.

Uses

Artemisia vulgaris is thought to be potent herb used for various purposes including therapeutic uses.

It is also used as insecticide because of its odour that certainly helps keeping the pest away.

It has various other medicinal uses as tonic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, febrifuge and anthelmintic.

It also makes a flavouring ingredient for vines and spirits.

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