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Cultivation and parts used of Basil, Ocium basilicum

Cultivation

They are easy to grow but are very susceptible to cold weather. It thrives best in hot weather. They should be planted in late spring after all danger of frost is past. To produce high quality basil, grow it in full sun in warm, well-drained soil. Raised beds are highly recommended because they promote good drainage and warm quickly in the spring.

Basil may be cultivated either as a field-grown crop or in a greenhouse. It can be propagated using seeds, cuttings or transplants, seeding or transplanting to the field once seedlings are more advanced.

Germination can occur in 5 to 7 days, but will take longer under cool conditions. Place plants outside12-15 inches apart. A light sand to silt loam with a pH of 6.4 is best. The tender herbaceous annual, which is susceptible to frost and cold-temperature injury, develops best under long days, in full sun, and well-drained soils.

Basil will not tolerate moisture stress. Water needs to be applied regularly throughout the growing season to maintain constant growth.

Parts Used

The whole herb, both fresh and dried.





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