It yields best when planted in a well drained, sunny location. An easily
grown plant, it succeeds in full sun in any reasonable soil, though it
prefers a well-drained fertile preferably alkaline soil. It does well in
heavy clay soils.
The plant grows quickly, so keep soil moist by frequent watering, if necessary. It requires less water as heads begin to mature.
A head of broccoli is a cluster of flower buds. When the head is young its individual buds are packed very tightly. As long as the buds stay tight, let the head grow. Once the head begins to loosen and spread out, they are about to bloom and the head should be cut immediately, regardless or the size.
The soil for broccoli must be fertile, well drained and high in organic matter. The optimum pH is between 6.5 and 7.5. Lime should be applied as needed according to soil tests. It is important to keep your pH levels at optimum because above or below could increase the susceptibility of the plant to disease and insects.
Broccoli is a cool season crop. It does best when temperatures remain between 40 degrees and 70 degrees F. during the growing period. In most areas broccoli grows best if planted in late summer so it can mature during cool periods.
Broccoli is a fast growing succulent plant that requires even soil moisture. Uneven soil moistures will create adverse affects on the broccoli growth. Irrigation is necessary if natural rainfall does not suffice.
Seeds are sown in April. Sow seeds ½ inch deep. After thinning, plants should be about 10 inches apart. Successive sowings should occur at one month intervals.
The edible part of the broccoli plant is a tender stem and unopened flower buds.