(Common name:- papaya)
- Kingdom- Plantae
- (Unranked)- Angiosperms
- (Unranked)- Eudicots
- (Unranked)- Rosids
- Order- Brassicales
- Family- Caricaceae
- Genus- Carica
- Species- C.papaya
Papaya is a fruit of the plant carica papaya from the family of carica.
It is native of tropics of Americas and varieties can be seen throughout
Papaya is an evergreen fast growing shrub but a short lived plant in its
The fast growing tree can reach upto 25 feet with a straight trunk. The
leaves are dark green and glabrous to 2 feet across that are deeply
palmately 7 lobed with lobes pinnately lobed.
Flowers are aromatic drooping axillary panicles to 80cm long with a
5-toothed green calyx and 5-toothed to yellow corolla with 10 stamens.
The fruit is big yellow- green coloured, oblong of about 7.5 cm long,
2.5-5 cm thick sweet, juicy and contains numerous pepper like seeds.
Basically it is cultivated in tropical areas and throughout the Americas
but today found in other parts of world like Brazil, India, South Africa,
Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia.
The temperature required by papaya range from warm temperate dry to moist
through tropical very dry to wet forest life zones.
It requires annual precipitation of 6.4 to 42.9 dm with an annual
temperature of 16.2 to 26.6° C and pH of 4.3 to 8.0.
It should be protected from frost being a tropical plant, frost may kill
Fruit, seeds, leaves and bark are used.
Papaya's contains carbohydrates, fat, protein, vitamin A, beta-carotene,
thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin C, iron, magnesium,
phosphorus, potassium and sodium.
- The ripe orange coloured fruit is eaten raw without seeds and skin
and the unripe fruit is generally used in cooking.
- The unripe papaya can be cooked with vegetables and added to salads,
curries and stews.
- Papaya is also used in making of candies and jellies.
- The tree and green papaya contains a rich enzyme called papain which
used as tropical application to treat burns, wounds, cuts and rashes.
- A papain ointment is generally made from fermented papaya flesh which
is applied as gel on the wounds and cuts.
- Green papaya is widely used as an oral contraceptive which induces
- It has been found that papaya seeds have contraceptive effects in
adult male langur monkeys and human adults as well.
- The black seeds are sometimes used as a substitute of black pepper
which is equally edible and spicy in taste.
- BURMESE: Thimbaw.
- CHINESE: Fan mu gua
- DANISH: Melontræ, Papaya.
- DUTCH: Meloenboom
- ENGLISH: Pawpaw, Papaya
- FRENCH: Papaye, Papayer.
- GERMAN: Melonenbaum, Papaya, Papayabaum
- HINDI: Papiitaa
- JAPANESE : Papaiya, Papaya, Popoo
- KHMER: Ihong, Doeum lahong
- LAOTIAN: Houng.
- KOREAN: Pa pa ya
- MALAY: Betek, Betik, Gedang (Indonesia), Kates (Indonesian), Ketalah,
- POLISH: Melonowiec wlasciwy (papaja) / Papaja.
- PORTUGUESE: Mamao (Brazil).
- RUSSIAN: Papaia
- SPANISH: Mamón, Melón zapote, Papaya, Papayero, Papayo
- TAGALOG: Kapaya, Lapaya, Papaya
- TAMIL: Pappali.
- THAI: Loko, Malako, Malakor, Ma kuai thet, Sa kui se
- URDU: Papiitaa
- VIETNAMESE: Dudu.
Disclaimer: The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. One should consult their doctor, physician or an expert before taking any action or herbal/natural remedy mentioned on this website.