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Carica papaya

(Common name:- papaya)

Classification

Carica papaya

History

Papaya is a fruit of the plant carica papaya from the family of carica. It is native of tropics of Americas and varieties can be seen throughout the America.

Papaya is an evergreen fast growing shrub but a short lived plant in its best environment.

Plant Description

The fast growing tree can reach upto 25 feet with a straight trunk. The leaves are dark green and glabrous to 2 feet across that are deeply palmately 7 lobed with lobes pinnately lobed.

Flowers are aromatic drooping axillary panicles to 80cm long with a 5-toothed green calyx and 5-toothed to yellow corolla with 10 stamens.

The fruit is big yellow- green coloured, oblong of about 7.5 cm long, 2.5-5 cm thick sweet, juicy and contains numerous pepper like seeds.

Cultivation

Basically it is cultivated in tropical areas and throughout the Americas but today found in other parts of world like Brazil, India, South Africa, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia.

The temperature required by papaya range from warm temperate dry to moist through tropical very dry to wet forest life zones.

It requires annual precipitation of 6.4 to 42.9 dm with an annual temperature of 16.2 to 26.6° C and pH of 4.3 to 8.0.

It should be protected from frost being a tropical plant, frost may kill this plant.

Parts Used

Fruit, seeds, leaves and bark are used.

Constituents

Papaya's contains carbohydrates, fat, protein, vitamin A, beta-carotene, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin C, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and sodium.

Uses

Names





Disclaimer: The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. One should consult their doctor, physician or an expert before taking any action or herbal/natural remedy mentioned on this website.


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