Cedar is a coniferous plant in the genus Cedrus and native to western
Himalayas growing at the altitude of 1600-3000 m and Mediterranean region
found mostly at altitudes of 1500-2400 m.
Cedar has several species growing in different parts of the world and
used for various purposes.
Cedrus species belong to pine family and are conical shape growing to
the height of 30-40 feet having scented wood, thick ridged bark and broad
The leaves of cedar are evergreen appearing needle like, 8-50 mm long,
arranged on shoots in bright green to dark green colour.
The seeds cones are barrel shaped in green-grayish colour, 6-12 cm long
and 3-9 cm broad.
The seeds of cedar are 10-14 mm long having numerous resin blisters and
contain resin like substance.
Cedar is usually cultivated in mountainous regions like Himalayas at
high altitudes in colder climate.
Cedar is full shade growing tree and are usually drought resistant
thriving in hardy zone of 6.
Wood and leaves.
Alkaloids, oil, resins, tannin, phosphorus, calcium.
The extracted oil of cedrus is used to relieve joint pains,
inflammation, skin ailments, arthritis and osteoarthritis.
It is also effective in skin inflammation, headache, syphilis,
gonorrhea, cough & cold and fever.
Resin acts as anti-obesity agent and has various other traditional and
Wood of cedrus is well known used in making furniture and other wooden