Gentiana is flowering plants native to North America and Europe
distributed in the Alps and Rocky Mountains.
Gentian belongs to family of Gentianaceae in the genus Gentiana which
consists of 1600 species.
The species of gentian have long been used as herbal remedy for various
Gentiana consists of numerous species which are annual, biennial and
perennial bearing different colour flowers.
The leaves of the gentian are opposite and the flowers are trumpet
shaped which are mainly deep blue or purple colour but the colour vary
from white, yellow to red.
The flowers of gentian species are terminal tubular consisting five
corolla and five sepals.
Gentians usually found cultivated in the temperate regions of asia,
Europe, and America.
Some species are also found in mountainous areas of Africa, Australia
and new Zealand.
Most of the gentians are hardy and prefers full sun with well-drained
and neutral to acidic soils.
The active constituents found in gentians are glycosides, gentiopicrin
Gentian is thought to be effective herbal medicine for liver,
indigestion, flatulence, and gastric problems.
Gentian is common ingredient in homeopathic medicine and also used in
liquors and soft drinks.
It is an effective remedy in jaundice, treating wounds and sore throat.