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Gentiana

(Common name:- Gentian)

Classification

Gentiana

History

Gentiana is flowering plants native to North America and Europe distributed in the Alps and Rocky Mountains.

Gentian belongs to family of Gentianaceae in the genus Gentiana which consists of 1600 species.

The species of gentian have long been used as herbal remedy for various ailments.

Plant Description

Gentiana consists of numerous species which are annual, biennial and perennial bearing different colour flowers.

The leaves of the gentian are opposite and the flowers are trumpet shaped which are mainly deep blue or purple colour but the colour vary from white, yellow to red.

The flowers of gentian species are terminal tubular consisting five corolla and five sepals.

Cultivation

Gentians usually found cultivated in the temperate regions of asia, Europe, and America.

Some species are also found in mountainous areas of Africa, Australia and new Zealand.

Most of the gentians are hardy and prefers full sun with well-drained and neutral to acidic soils.

Parts Used

Roots, leaves.

Constituents

The active constituents found in gentians are glycosides, gentiopicrin and amarogentin.

Uses

Gentian is thought to be effective herbal medicine for liver, indigestion, flatulence, and gastric problems.

Gentian is common ingredient in homeopathic medicine and also used in liquors and soft drinks.

It is an effective remedy in jaundice, treating wounds and sore throat.

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Disclaimer: The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. One should consult their doctor, physician or an expert before taking any action or herbal/natural remedy mentioned on this website.


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