(Common name:- Licorice root)
- Kingdom- Plantae
- Class- Magnoliopsida
- Order- Fabales
- (Family- Fabaceae
- Subfamily- Faboideae
- Family- Asteraceae
- Genus- Glycyrrhiza
- Species- G. glabra
Licorice is a legume plant a native to southern Europe and parts of
Asia. This plant is basically used to extract a sweet compound.
Licorice is been used from older times in medicines throughout the world
in China, India, Greek and Egypt.
Licorice is a hardy perennial which grows upto 1 m in height. The leaves
are pinnate of about 7-15 cm long having 9-17 leaflets.
The flowers of this plant are purple to pale whitish blue and 0.8-1.2 cm
The fruit is an oblong pod and 2-3 cm long containing numerous seeds.
The licorice root taste like anise having sweet taste and no odour.
Licorice plant thrives in deep, fertile, well-drained soils and full
sunlight is required for proper growth.
The harvesting period of this root is autumn, after two to three years of
IActive compound of licorice are glycyrrhizin which makes this root
sweet. Other constituents of licorice are magnesium, silicon and thiamine.
- Licorice flavour is added to various candies and other
confectionaries. Its flavour is also added in soft drinks.
- Licorice roots are chewed raw when it is fresh, as a mouth freshener.
- In some countries licorice is chewed as a sweet. In Chinese cuisines
licorice is used as a spice in dishes.
- Licorice is believed to possess medicinal properties like
expectorant, demulcent, spasmolytic, anti-inflammatory, and
anti-allergic and act as mild laxative.
- It roots of licorice are chewed to relieve sore throat. The infusion
of licorice root is said to relieve oral inflammation, dry coughs,
bronchitis and asthma.
- It is thought to be a good remedy for arthritis and joint pains.
- The powder of licorice roots can be applied to eczema, herpes and
- Various researches show that licorice is suspected to inhibit the
growth of cancerous cells. It is also used for cancer treatment.
- ARABIC: 'arq al sous.
- BENGALI: Jashtimodhu.
- BURMESE: Noekiyu.
- CHINESE : Yang gan cao, Guang guo gan cao.
- CROATIAN: Sladki korijen
- DANISH: Lakrids
- DUTCH: Zoethout.
- ENGLISH: Common liquorice, Cultivated licorice, Licorice, Liquorice,
Russian liquorice, Spanish liquorice, Sweet licorice, Sweet wood, True
- FINNISH: Lakritsijuuri, Lakritsi.
- FRENCH: Bois doux, Réglisse, Réglisse glabre.
- GERMAN: Bärendreck, Echtes Süßholz, Lakritze,
Lakritzeholz , Lakritzenwurzel , Lakritzpflanze, Spanisches Süßholz,
- GREEK: Ga Glykoriza (Glikoriza).HEBREW: Shush (Shosh, Shoush), Shush
- HINDI: Jethimadh, Mulethi, Mulhatti, Mulhathi.
- ITALIAN: Liquirizia, Regolizia.
- JAPANESE : Gurukiruriza gurabura, You kanzou, You kanzou.
- KANNADA: Atimadhura, Yasthimadhu.
- KOREAN: Mingamtscho.
- LAOTIAN: Saem.
- MALAYALAM: Yashtimadhukam.
- MARATHI: Jesthamadha.
- NORWEGIAN: Lakrisrot.
- PERSIAN: Shirin bayan.
- PORTUGUESE: Alcaçuz.
- PUNJABI: Malathi, Muleti.
- RUSSIAN: Koren solodki, Lakrichnik, Solodka gladkaia, Solodka golaia.
- SANSKRIT: Madhuuka, Yashtimadhu, Yoshtimadhu.
- SINHALESE: Atimaduram.
- SLOVAKIAN: Sladké drievko.
- SLOVENIAN: Sladki koren.
- SPANISH: Orozuz, Ragaliz.
- SWAHILI: Susu.
- SWEDISH: Lakrits, Lakritsrot.
- TAMIL: Atimaduram, Ciimaiyatimaturam, Atimaduram, Athima
- TELUGU: Atimadhuramu.
- THAI: Cha em thet (Central Thailand)..
- TURKISH: Meyan kökü.
- URDU: Mulhati.
- VIETNAMESE: Cam tho.
Disclaimer: The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. One should consult their doctor, physician or an expert before taking any action or herbal/natural remedy mentioned on this website.