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Gmelina arborea

(Common name:- White teak)

Classification

Gmelina arborea

History

Gmelina is commonly known as white teak and Kashmir tree growing throughout India extensively in sub-Himalayan tracts including Assam and near the areas from west Bengal to orissa.

Gmelina is also distributed in Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and provinces of china.

Gmelina also has variety of uses including medicinal in India and other parts of the world.

Plant Description

Gmelina is deciduous tree growing to 30 m tall in height having chlorophyll layer on the outer bark.

The leaves of this tree are found to be 4 to 9 inches long and 2.5 inch broad with opposite petioles and broadly ovate blade at the base.

The flowers are in racemes, tubular, two lipped and yellow to brownish with four stamens.

The fruit is yellow fleshy ovate berry of 3 cm long and 2.5 cm wide.

Cultivation

Gmelina arborea is specie which is majorly cultivated in Asia including Indian Himalayas and nilgiri mountains.

It is usually found at the hills with an altitude of 1500 feet and commonly in the gardens as an avenue.

Parts Used

Roots and fruit.

Constituents

Oil, resins, alkaloids, benzoic acid, butyric acid, tartaric acid.

Uses

The root and bark of gmelina is considered stomachic, laxative and anthelmintic.

It is a good remedy for piles, abdominal pains, improving appetite, inflammation and urinary discharge.

The timber of gmelina is strong and tough which is used extensively in making furniture and construction purpose.

The flowers are thought to be sweet, acrid, astringent and useful in diseases like leprosy and anemia.

The decoction of Gmelina makes a good remedy for snakebite and scorpion sting.

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Disclaimer: The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. One should consult their doctor, physician or an expert before taking any action or herbal/natural remedy mentioned on this website.


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