Nerium indicum is commonly known as Indian oleander or kaner which
belongs to Apocynaceae family in the genus Nerium.
Also called Adelfa, Nerium indicum is found throughout the Philippines
and parts of Asia including ranges of Himalayas from Nepal to Kashmir.
Indian oleander is a poisonous plant containing various active toxins
but has been used externally for ailments.
Nerium is evergreen shrub that grows upto the height of 4 m and bearing
leaves all the year around.
The leaves are long, linear-lanceolate, 10-15 cm in length with
Flowers are hermaphrodite, white, pink or red in colour, sweet smelled
and 4-5 cm in diameter.
Fruit of nerium is long about 15-20 cm, cylindrical and paired growing
with the stem.
Seeds contained in fruit are numerous, compressed and white in colour
having smooth hairs.
Nerium indicum is distributed all over the Philippines, India and Nepal
found on the ranges of 6500 feet.
It is commonly cultivated for its sweet smelling flowers which have
It prefers hardy zone of 8 with well drained, heavy clayey soils.
Basically its habitat is hedgerows, woodlands and gardens.
Glycoside, oleandrin, tannin, neriin, phytosterin and l-strophnathin,
rosaginin and nerlin, volatile oil, fixed oil, neriodorin and
Nerium has various medicinal uses and the leaves and flowers are thought
to have actions as tonic, cardio tonic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic and
Leaves and flowers are also used to treat malaria and as traditional
medicine it induces the termination of embryo.
The tincture or decoction is been used externally to reduce swelling and
The root powder is an external remedy for hemorrhoids and ulcers around
Leaves and bark is treated as insecticide, rat poison and parasitic.
The plant of Indian oleander is thought to possess anti-cancerous