(Common name:- Long pepper)
- Kingdom- Plantae
- (Unranked)- Angiosperms
- (Unranked)- Magnoliids
- Order- Piperales
- Family- Piperaceae
- Genus- Piper
- Species- P. longum
Long pepper is generally used as spice and for seasoning in different
countries. It has somewhat similar aromatic and hot flavour as black
It doesn't found abundantly and sometimes becomes the substitute of black
It is native to south Asia and a relative to black pepper.
Long pepper is a perennial long slender climber with woody roots,
creeping and jointed stems with fleshy fruits embedded in the spikes.
The leaves of this slender climber are numerous of about 6.3-9.0 cm,
broadly ovate, oblong-oval, dark-green and lustrous yet partly dull.
The flowers are both male and female as male flower stalk is about 1 to 3
inch long while female flower stalk is ½ to 1 inch long.
The fruit is long measures upto 1'' in diameter and is green-yellow when
young while it gets black when ripened.
Long pepper is basically found in warmer countries and it grows in
throughout of India.
It is also cultivated in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and
south Asian regions.
The long pepper (fruit) and roots are used.
Long pepper contains aromatic oil, piperine, alkaloids, sesamin and
pipalestrol. The roots of this plant contain pipperin, pippalartin,
pipperleguminin, sterols and glycosides.
- Long pepper is used as spice in various cuisines. It can be used as
alternative to black pepper.
- In India it is usually added to garam masala which is a grounded
blend of various spices and used in different dishes.
Long pepper is known for its medicinal properties and used to treat:
- Nervous breakdown
- Stomach ache
- Liver ailments
- Heart related problems
- Blood disorders
- Menstrual disturbances
- Skin disorders
- Expel parasitic worms
This herb is also known to have abortefacient property which helps to
induce abortion naturally.
- Arabic-: Dâr fulful
- Bengali-: Piplamor.
- Chinese-: Bi bo, Bi ba gen (medicinal name), A li he tuo, Ye pu lan
hu jiao (as P. jaborandii), Ba xi hu jiao (as P. jaborandii).
- Dutch-: Langwerpige peper.
- English-: Indian long pepper, Jaborandi pepper, Long pepper.
- French-: Poivre long
- German-: Bengalischer Pfeffer, Jaborandi-Pfeffer, Langer Pfeffer,
- Gujrati-: Pipli.
- Hindi-: Pipar, Piplamul
- Hungarian-: Bengáli bors
- Italian-: Pepe lungo.
- Kannada-: Hippali, Lippali, Thippili.
- Malayalam-: Magadhi, Pippali, Thippili, Tippili
- Marathi-: Pimpli
- Nepalese-: Gaj pipla, Saano pipla
- Portugese-: Pimenta-longa.
- Swedish-: Långpeppar
- Tamil-: Kandan lippilli, Pippili, Sirumulam, Tippili, Thippili.
- Telugu-: Pippallu.
- Turkish-: Dar biberi.
- Urdu: Pippal.
Disclaimer: The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. One should consult their doctor, physician or an expert before taking any action or herbal/natural remedy mentioned on this website.