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Piper Longum

(Common name:- Long pepper)

Classification

Piper Longum

History

Long pepper is generally used as spice and for seasoning in different countries. It has somewhat similar aromatic and hot flavour as black pepper.

It doesn't found abundantly and sometimes becomes the substitute of black pepper.

It is native to south Asia and a relative to black pepper.

Plant Description

Long pepper is a perennial long slender climber with woody roots, creeping and jointed stems with fleshy fruits embedded in the spikes.

The leaves of this slender climber are numerous of about 6.3-9.0 cm, broadly ovate, oblong-oval, dark-green and lustrous yet partly dull.

The flowers are both male and female as male flower stalk is about 1 to 3 inch long while female flower stalk is ½ to 1 inch long.

The fruit is long measures upto 1'' in diameter and is green-yellow when young while it gets black when ripened.

Cultivation

Long pepper is basically found in warmer countries and it grows in throughout of India.

It is also cultivated in Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and south Asian regions.

Parts Used

The long pepper (fruit) and roots are used.

Constituents

Long pepper contains aromatic oil, piperine, alkaloids, sesamin and pipalestrol. The roots of this plant contain pipperin, pippalartin, pipperleguminin, sterols and glycosides.

Culinary uses

Medicinal uses

Long pepper is known for its medicinal properties and used to treat:

This herb is also known to have abortefacient property which helps to induce abortion naturally.

Names





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