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Thymus vulgaris

(Common name:- Thyme)

Classification

Thymus vulgaris

History

Thyme is indigenous herb that is distributed to the Mediterranean parts and also growing in southern Europe, western Asia and North Africa.

Ancient Egyptians and Greeks employed thyme for various authentic purposes such as for embalming and anti-fungal medicine.

History of thyme also retorts culinary uses and even today it is been widely used in middle and western eastern cuisines.

Plant Description

Thymus vulgaris is one of the widely used species of thyme and imparts a strong flavour to the preparation.

Thyme is delicate herb with enchanting fragrance and the leaves are curled, elliptical, and small measures upto half inch long with one sixteenth inch broad.

In some of the species the upper leaf is green grey in colour whereas underside is white. However in most species normally the leaves are borne only with green colour.

Cultivation

Thyme is a plant which prefers well-drained fertile soil and best cultivated in hot sunny locations.

Thyme is drought resistant, perennial plant which is propagated either through seeds, cuttings or dividing rooted sections.

Today it is widely cultivated for its culinary and medicinal uses in western and Middle East, southern Europe, parts of Asia and Africa.

Parts Used

Dried leaves and stem.

Constituents

The main and active constituents found in thyme are phenols thymol, carvacrol, thymol methyl ether (2%), cineol, cymene, a-pinene, borneol and esters.

Uses

Thyme is a sweet smelling and aromatic herb used various cooking preparations in cuisines of Indian, Arab, Siberia, Italian, French, Albanian, Spanish, Greek and Turkish.

Thyme is used as condiment in various cooking dishes due to its aromatic flavour which blends with the dish.

It is usually added to flavour savoury soups, meat and stews.

In medicinal purposes thyme is considered as antiseptic and used as main ingredient in mouth washes.

Earlier Thyme was used in medical bandages when there were no antibiotics.

Thyme also works anti-fungal for fungus infected toenails.

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