Spices Medicinal Herbs - spices of india
Spices of India - Spices Medicinal Herbs

Spices &
Medicinal herbs

Spices of India, Medicinal
Amaranth :: Breadfruit :: Brocolli :: Cauliflower :: Cucumber :: Drumstick :: Hijiki :: Garlic

Mountains where herbs can be found

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Herb : Passion flower

(Botanical name: Passiflora incarnate)



The passion flower is flowering plant from genus passiflora which has 500 species distributed world wide.

Many species of passiflora are mostly vines, including some shrubs and few are herbaceous.

This flower is known for its meticulous activities of reducing stress and insomnia in south, central and North America.

Plant Description

The plant of passiflora incarnata grows upto the height of 10 m and the root is perennial and the stem is woody hard.

The shoots bear three-lobed serrated leaves and yellowish, purple tinted scented flower.

The fruit is orange, ovoid containing numerous seeds resemble like an apple. After it gets ripe and dry the colour changes to green-yellow.


Passion flower is widely cultivated in united states, china, South America, Australia and New Zealand.

The other species of passion flower grows as invasive weed in Brazil and islands of Hawaii.

Parts Used

Flower, leaves, fruit.


The chief constituents of passion flower are: beta-carboline harmala alkaloids; other alkaloids- harman (1-methyl-9H-b-carboline), harmaline (4,9-Dihydro-7-methoxy-1-methyl-3H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole), harmalol (1-methyl-2,3,4,9-tetrahydropyrido[3,4-b]indol-7-one), harmine (7-Methoxy-1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole) and harmol.


Passion flower is being cultivated mainly for its flowers which are ornamental and widely known for its medicinal properties.

This flower is known as mild sedative and tranquillizer which often used in United States and Britain.

It is also a good remedy for insomnia, anxiety, gastrointestinal disorders, menstrual cramps, seizers and hysteria.

The fruit of passion flower tree is being used as source of juice in Caribbean, Florida, and South Africa.