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Tylophora is a climbing perennial shrub which is native to India and consists of other three species that has been used for various medical illnesses.
Tylophora indica is commonly known as Antamul or Indian ipecac is considered an important medicinal plant in India which belongs to Apocynaceae family.
Indian ipecac is small slender, erect shrub which is much branched, and climbing herb.
The rootstock is 2.5-5 cm thick; leaves are long, elliptic, oblong and ovate and measured upto 6-11 cm long, 3.8-6 cm broad.
Leafstalks are 1.2 cm long and the flowers are small produced in 2-3 flower fascicles in cymes.
Flowers are green-yellow or green purple and having pointed petals, while the sepals are segmented at the base and hairy outside.
The fruit is small follicle in ovoid lance shaped.
Antamul is cultivated throughout the India in the plains, hilly areas and slopes and extended to outskirts of forests.
It grows wild in southern and eastern India as a climbing plant.
The active alkaloids found in antamul are tylophorine and tylophorinine.
The plant of antamul is employed as potent traditional medicine in India as a remedy for bronchial asthma, inflammation, bronchitis, allergies, rheumatism and other illnesses.
Different pharma companies have been employing leaves and roots of antamul in making of various drugs especially for the treatment of respiratory problems like asthma.
It is also cure various ailments like psoriasis, seborrhea, anaphylaxis, and leucopenia.
The extract of leaves are said to possess anti-cancer properties and roots are used as natural preservative.