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Allium schoenoprasum

(Common name:- Chives)

Classification

Chives are herbaceous plant which grows in clumps rather than as individual plant.

History

It is bulb forming perennial plant which used as culinary purpose as well as medicinal purpose.

It is a native to central Asia but today found everywhere in Europe.

They have been cultivated since thousands of years and it is reported that Chinese were the first to cultivate chives.

Since then it is been used for medicinal uses and added to vegetables while cooking.

Plant Description

Chives grow to a height of 30-50 cm, and the bulbs are slender conical, 2-3 cm long and 1cm broad and grow in deep clusters from the roots.

The leaves are hollow tabular upto 50cm long and 2-3 mm in diameter. The flowers of chives plant are purple in colour, star-shaped with six petals 1-2 cm wide.

Cultivation

Chives are now cultivated everywhere in Europe, Asia and North America.

Chives require proper sunlight and well drained soil. It usually grows in all types of soil but it should be well fertilized and manured.

The seeds should be sown deep about ½ inches and constant moisture of the soil should be maintained.

Parts Used

Chive leaves are used

Constituents

Chive contains pungent volatile oils and is rich in sulphur.

Culinary Uses

Medicinal Uses

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