Mullein is a native to Europe, northern Africa and Asia, also
distributed in America and Australia.
Mullein's authenticity is been proved through the ages due to its
invasive herbal properties.
Mullein is sometimes grows as ornamental plant in gardens and in
England it is known as velvet plant.
Mullein is biennial hairy tall plant and grows to 2m tall in height.
The stem is long and the small yellow flowers are densely grouped on
The stalk can reach to height of 6 feet and the leaves are numerous and
grow up to 2 feet and 6 to 8 inches long 2 inches broad.
Mullein thrives in 3-9 hardiness zones with full or partial sunlight and
requires dry soil.
Mullein is cultivated in gardens, hedge banks, roadsides, waste grounds
and also found near sandy or gravel lands.
It is widely cultivated throughout Europe, temperate Asia, Himalayas,
and in entire Britain and parts of Ireland.
Leaves, flowers, root.
The leaves contain resin, gum, tannin and volatile oil. Flower contains
gum, resin, and yellow colouring substance, glucoside, acrid, free acid,
phosphoric acid, uncrystallized sugar, mineral salts, volatile oil and
Mullein has long history medicinal value and has been used as astringent
Mullein was used for skin disorders and as a remedy for throat and
It also makes herbal tea whose consumption cures dry cough, bronchitis,
sore throat and work as expectorant.
The oil extracted from leaves is used against catarrhs, colic, earaches,
eczema and other external ailments.