(Common name:- Quince)
- Kingdom- Plantae
- Subkingdom- Tracheobionta
- Superdivision- Spermatophyta
- Division- Magnoliophyta
- Class- Magnoliopsida
- Subclass- Rosidae
- Order- Rosales
- Family- Rosaceae
- Genus- Cydonia
- Species- Cydonia oblonga
The plantís name has early Greek and French origins. In Greek history, the plant is said to have been a ritual offering at early Greek weddings and remained sacred to Aphrodite. The Romans are also said to have used quinces.
Cydonia oblonga grows in the warm southwest Asia and Caucasian regions. The tree may grow up to 5-8 meters in length and 4-6 meters wide and bears a pear-shaped pome fruit that may grow up to 7-12 cm in length.
Quinces are grown in large quantities in several parts of the world. The plant is self-fertile and frost free.
The plant usually prefers sandy, loamy or clayish soils. It also thrives well on moist soil conditions.
When the plant is cultivated in temperate or tropical climates, the fruit borne is soft and is suitable for eating raw. It usually grows well in woodlands and gardens. It flowers in May and the seeds ripen by November.
The seed contains about 10 per cent mucilage in the seed-coat. The pulp of the fruit contains 3 to 3.5 per cent of malic acid. The cotyledons contain about 15 per cent oil and protein and small proportions of amygdalin and emulsion or some allied ferment.
The parts of the part are used for a large number of medicinal practices. The plant parts used are mostly the flowers and fruits. The seeds may also sometimes be used for medicinal purposes.
The culinary uses of the plant are:
- The fruit may be eaten raw or may be used in making jellies and puddings.
- The fruit is used in making a kind of wine.
- It may be used as an additive in tea.
- In Pakistan, quinces are often stewed with sugar.
The medicinal uses of quinces may include:
- The fruit may be used in the treatment of ulcers, coughs and digestive problems.
- It is used to treat respiratory diseases in children.
- The fruit is antivinous, astringent, cardiac, carminative, digestive, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, pectoral and peptic.
- It may be used in the treatment of diarrhea.
- The pectin is useful for the circulatory system and is and is used to reduce blood pressure.
Disclaimer: The site does not advice you to take any action, we only provide information based on research done by various people world wide. One should consult their doctor, physician or an expert before taking any action or herbal/natural remedy mentioned on this website.