Juniper berry is ancient plant whose reference is given bible as berries
were abundantly used by Greek, roman and Arab physicians for medicinal
Juniper is widely distributed to northern hemisphere including Europe,
North Africa, North America and northern Asia.
Juniper is also used both for culinary and medicinal purpose.
Juniper is a small shrub that grows to 4 to 6 feet in height. The leaves
are small pinnate having numerous in one stem.
The berries are small green when unripe and takes black colour when
Berries bear aromatic smell.
Juniper is abundantly distributed throughout the northern hemisphere and
grows near slopes and in siliceous soils.
It is a common shrub and sometimes grows as weed in wet lime stone land.
It is also found in Holland and Geneva.
The chief constituents of juniper berry are volatile oil, resin, sugar,
wax, water, flavonoids, glycosides, tannins, podophyllotoxin, and vitamin