Turmeric is perennial plant which is added to cuisines in small amount
for its medicinal properties.
It is herbaceous plant from the ginger family. It is commonly used in
south Asian and Middle Eastern countries
Turmeric is a native to tropical south Asia and in medieval Europe it is
known as Indian Saffron, since it is widely used as an alternative to the
far more expensive saffron.
It has a distinctly earthly, bitter, slightly peppery and hot flavor and
Erode a city in south Indian state of Tamil Nadu is the world's largest
producer of turmeric in Asia. Sangli, a city in Indian state of
Maharashtra is the second largest producer of turmeric and an important
It is a rhizome or underground stem like ginger. The whole turmeric is
tuberous rhizome with a rough segmented skin.
It grows to about 60-100cm and has long stemmed has bright green lily
like leaves which surrounds conical cluster of pale yellow flowers.
The main rhizome measures 2.5-7cm in length with a diameter of 2.5cm with
small tuber branches off
Turmeric thrives in the tropics and sub-tropics where it requires hot
moist climate and fairly light soil.
It is propagated through division of the rhizome.
It is primarily cultivated in Bengal, china, Taiwan, Sri Lanka, java,
Grounded rhizomes are used
Preparation & Storage
Turmeric is mainly used in grounded form and with time it loses its
flavor though the colour remains same, so buy in moderation.
It should be stored in tight containers and out of sunlight.
Moisture, protein, fat, carbohydrates, calcium, iron, phosphorus,
sodium, potassium, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C and
- The leaves are cooked and eaten as greens and the roots are said to
be sweet succulent and delicious when boiled like potatoes.
- Flowers are a sweet addition to salads or as a garnish and young
seedpods are steamed.
- Turmeric is widely used in Malaysian cuisines and non-south Asian
- It is sometimes used as colouring agent and to impart mustard like
flavor and yellow colour.
- It is used in canned beverages, baked products, dairy products like
ice creams, yogurt, yellow cakes, orange juice, biscuits, popcorn,
sweets, cereals, sauces and gelatins etc.
- In India turmeric is widely added to all the preparations to give
colour and flavor. It comes in powered form or big chunks which we need
to grind and then it is used.
- In ayurveda turmeric is a natural medicine which is used for many
ailments such as burns, cuts, wound, acne and pimples etc.
- It is also used as an anti-bacterial agent. In some countries like
Okinawa and Japan turmeric is used for tea which is considered as
dietary supplement which helps stomach problems and other ailments.
- In some countries it is used as an anti-inflammatory agent and remedy
for gastrointestinal discomfort associated with irritable bowel syndrome
and other digestive disorders.
- Indians use turmeric for various skin ailments and various skin
creams make use of turmeric as main ingredient.
- Turmeric is also used in various cosmetics such as sunscreen and
other skin ointments.
- Turmeric is used as dye for clothes in some countries.
- Turmeric is used in many rituals and weddings in India.
- Indian Saffron, Turmeric, Yellow Ginger
- French: curcuma, saffron des Indes
- German: Gelbwurz
- Italian; curcuma
- Spanish: curcuma
- Arabic: kharkoum Burmese:fa nwin
- Chinese: wong geung fun
- Indian: haldee, haldi, huldee, huldie
- Indonesian: kunjit, kunyit
- Malay: kunjit
- Sinhalese: kaha
- Tamil: munjal Thai: kamin