Ajwain :: Allspice :: Bay Leaf :: Black Cardamon :: Green Cardamon :: Cinnamon :: Cloves :: Cumin :: Cayenne Pepper
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Abuta is a climbing vine and traditionally used medicine in Ayurveda
and herbal medicines in different parts of the world.
Abuta is majorly distributed throughout the Amazon including Peru,
Brazil, Ecuador and Colombia.
Abuta belongs to the family of Menispermaceae in the genus Cissampelos
which has about 30 to 40 species found in the tropics.
The plant of Cissampelos is woody creeper having long leaves of about 30
cm and flowers which are bisexual white and yellow in colour.
The fruit is inedible berries usually appear like grape ¾'' long
and bears highly aromatic odour.
The stem is dark grey shadowed with patches of lichens but cracked and
Abuta is indigenous to throughout Amazon, South America and also found
in parts of Asia and abundantly in India.
This rainforest vine thrives in the hardiness zone of 9B-11 and is
propagated through seeds.
Root, bark, leaves.
The chief constituents of abuta are as follows alkaloids, arachidic
acid, bebeerine, berberine, bulbocapnine, cissamine, cissampareine,
corytuberine, curine, 4-methylcurine, cyclanoline, cycleanine, dicentrine,
dehydrodicentrine, dimethyltetrandrinium, essential oil, grandirubrine,
hayatine, hayatinine, insularine, isochondodendrine, isomerubrine,
laudanosine, linoleic acid, magnoflorine, menismine, norimeluteine,
nor-ruffscine, nuciferine, pareirine, pareirubrine alkaloids,
pareitropone, quercitol, stearic acid, and tetrandrine.
Abuta is invasive herbal medicine used by women in South America and
brazil mainly employed for menstrual cramps, excessive bleeding, uterine
hemorrhages and post or pre-natal pain.
It is also helpful in relieving indigestion, colic, constipation and
disorders like dyspepsia.
In Brazil abuta is widely administered as tonic and diuretic and also
used in fever.
In other parts of world such as north & South America abuta/ velvet
leaf is employed to relieve inflammation of testicles and kidney ailments.
Abuta has long been used as traditional medicine in mexico for muscle
pains, snakebite, diarrhea, dysentery and other women's problems.
Indian ayurveda widely use abuta in medicine as remedy for various
ailments and disease.